For other people called Saint Juan, see Saint Juan (disambiguation).
St. Juan de Ribera
Juan de Ribera, by Luis de Morales
(1532-03-20)20 March 1532
6 January 1611(1611-01-06) (aged 78)
18 September 1796 by Pope Pius VI
12 June 1960, Vatican City, by Pope John XXIII
Royal College of Corpus Christi, Valencia, Spain
Saint Juan de Ribera (Seville, Spain, 20 March 1532 – Valencia, 6 January 1611), was one of the most influential figures of his times, holding appointments as Archbishop and Viceroy of Valencia, patriarch of Antioch, Commander in Chief, president of the Audiencia, and Chancellor of the University of Valencia. He was beatified in 1796 and canonized by Pope John XXIII in 1960.
1.1 Expulsion of the Moriscos
His father was Pedro Afán de Ribera, Viceroy of Naples and Duke of Alcala. He became an orphan from mother’s side at a very young age.
Juan de Ribera studied at the University of Salamanca. Ordained as priest in 1557, Pope Pius IV appointed him Bishop of Badajoz on 27 May 1562 at the age of 30. There he dedicated himself to teaching the catechism to Roman Catholics and counteracting Protestantism. He was appointed as the Archbishop of Valencia on 3 December 1568. King Philip III of Spain later appointed him Viceroy of Valencia in 1602, and thus he became both the religious and the civil authority. In this role he founded the Museum of the Patriarch, known among Valencians as College of Saint John, entrusted to the formation of priests according to the spirit and the dispositions of the Council of Trent.
Expulsion of the Moriscos
See also: Expulsion of the Moriscos
Juan de Ribera in the expulsion of the Moriscos by Francisco Domingo Marqués.
As Archbishop, Ribera dealt with the issue of Valencia’s large morisco population, descendants of Muslims who converted to Christianity at threat of exile. The moriscos had been kept separate from the main population by a variety of decrees that prohibited them from holding public office, entering the priesthood, or taking certain other positions; as a result, the moriscos had maintained their own culture rather than assimilated. Some of them did, in fact, still practice forms of crypto-Islam.
Ribera despised the moriscos as heretics and traitors, a dislike he shared w